You may think that all moisturizers are the same, but that isn't true. There are three types of moisturizing agents that one should be aware of, and knowing how to use such agents in the time of need will help keep your skin looking young and supple.

Moisturizing Agent 1 - Emollient

An emollient is an ingredient that smoothens the skin's surface by filling in cracks between skin cells. They usually make the skin softer and more flexible, however, they aren't usually very long lasting. Products like Ultra Skin Revitalizer and DayClam have emollient (and humectant) properties.

Moisturizing Agent 2 - Occlusive Agents

These ingredients form a film on the skin and prevents water loss. They can be very effective but can end up feeling waxy or greasy on the skin, and may cause pore problems like Acne or Blackheads. Occlusive agents increase moisture levels in the skin by actually providing a physical barrier to prevent epidermal water loss. 

Moisturizing Agent 3 - Humectants

Humectants acts like a sponge, drawing water molecules out of its environment towards itself. If you are wearing a moisturizer with a humectant ingredient, it is actively sucking water from the air around you and sticking it onto your skin. This helps rehydrate the skin's surface. Hyaluronic acid is one such ingredient that attracts water outward to the top layer of the skin from the dermis below, than binds that water to the top layer. Products like RevitaPlus, Wrinkle Diffuser and Oxygen Therapy mainly contain humectant ingredients.

Choosing the Right Moisturizer
Moisturizers can be customised to fit your particular skin type and condition. Dry skin lacks oil, and it dries further as we age, thus moisturizers for dry skin have higher levels of emollients to help fill in the layers on the skin. Dehydrated skin on the other hand lacks water/moisture in the skin. This can be addressed by using humectants to attract and seal in water to the skin.